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J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1998 Feb 15;212(4):553-6.

Outbreak of mastitis caused by one strain of Staphylococcus aureus in a closed dairy herd.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6610, USA.

Abstract

The Washington State University dairy experienced an outbreak of intramammary infections (IMI) caused by Staphylococcus aureus during autumn 1993 through summer 1995. The outbreak was believed to be a result of transmission of 1 strain of S aureus in a herd that historically had excellent control of contagious mastitis. Control practices included strict hygiene at time of milking and preferential culling of cows infected with S aureus. Mastitis caused by Streptococcus agalactiae was not found in this herd. Despite excellent control practices, the strain of S aureus caused a new infection rate of approximately 3% of the herd per month. Moreover, a second strain of S aureus, isolated from a cow with mastitis, was introduced into the herd experimentally, and it failed to transmit disease. The outbreak of S aureus mastitis in this herd was eventually controlled by maintaining a program of strict milking time hygiene, by intensifying the program of preferentially culling infected cows, and by segregating cows with S aureus IMI in a separate pen and milking these infected cows last.

PMID:
9491165
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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