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Mol Gen Genet. 1998 Jan;257(2):124-31.

Characterization of a novel small RNA encoded by Dictyostelium discoideum mitochondrial DNA.

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Institute of Biological Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.


In this study, we analyzed a mitochondrial small (ms) RNA in Dictyostelium discoideum, which is 129 nucleotides long and has a GC content of only 22.5%. In the mitochondrial DNA, a single-copy gene (msr) for the ms RNA was located downstream of the gene for large-subunit rRNA. The location of msr was similar to that of the 5S rRNA gene in prokaryotes and chloroplasts, but clearly different from that in mitochondria of plants, liverwort and the chlorophycean alga Prototheca wikerhamii, in which small-subunit rRNA and 5S rRNA genes are closely linked. THe primary sequence of ms rRNA showed low homology with mitochondrial 5S rRNA from plants, liverwort and the chlorophycean alga, but the proposed secondary structure of ms RNA was similar to that of cytoplasmic 5S rRNA. In addition, ms RNA showed a highly conserved GAAC sequence in the same loop as in common 5S rRNA. However, ms RNA was detected mainly in the mitochondrial 25,000 x g supernatant fraction which was devoid of ribosomes. It is possible that ms RNA is an evolutionary derivative of mitochondrial 5S rRNA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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