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Nucleic Acids Res. 1998 Mar 15;26(6):1515-21.

Parallel thermodynamic analysis of duplexes on oligodeoxyribonucleotide microchips.

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Joint Human Genome Program: Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117984 Moscow, Russia.


A microchip method has been developed for massive and parallel thermodynamic analyses of DNA duplexes. Fluorescently labeled oligonucleotides were hybridized with oligonucleotides immobilized in the 100 x 100 x 20 mum gel pads of the microchips. The equilibrium melting curves for all microchip duplexes were measured in real time in parallel for all microchip duplexes. Thermodynamic data for perfect and mismatched duplexes that were obtained using the microchip method directly correlated with data obtained in solution. Fluorescent labels or longer linkers between the gel and the oligonucleotides appeared to have no significant effect on duplex stability. Extending the immobilized oligonucleotides with a four-base mixture from the 3'-end or one or two universal bases (5-nitroindole) from the 3'- and/or 5'-end increased the stabilities of their duplexes. These extensions were applied to increase the stabilities of the duplexes formed with short oligonucleotides in microchips, to significantly lessen the differences in melting curves of the AT- and GC-rich duplexes, and to improve discrimination of perfect duplexes from those containing poorly recognized terminal mismatches. This study explored a way to increase the efficiency of sequencing by hybridization on oligonucleotide microchips.

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