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Br J Pharmacol. 1998 Jan;123(2):173-82.

Involvement of 5-hydroxytryptamine7 receptors in inhibition of porcine myometrial contractility by 5-hydroxytryptamine.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido, Japan.

Abstract

1 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; 1 nM - 100 microM) concentration-dependently inhibited the amplitude and frequency of spontaneous contractions in longitudinal and circular muscles of the porcine myometrium. The circular muscle (EC50; 68-84 nM) was more sensitive than the longitudinal muscle (EC50; 1.3-1.44 microM) to 5-HT. To characterize the 5-HT receptor subtype responsible for inhibition of myometrial contractility, the effects of 5-HT receptor agonists on spontaneous contractions and of 5-HT receptor antagonists on inhibition by 5-HT were examined in circular muscle preparations. 2 Pretreatment with tetrodotoxin (1 microM), propranolol (1 microM), atropine (1 microM), guanethidine (10 microM) or L-NAME (100 microM) failed to change the inhibition by 5-HT, indicating that the inhibition was due to a direct action of 5-HT on the smooth muscle cells. 3 5-CT, 5-MeOT and 8-OH-DPAT mimicked the inhibitory response of 5-HT, and the rank order of the potency was 5-CT>5-HT>5-MeOT>8-OH-DPAT. On the other hand, oxymethazoline, alpha-methyl-5-HT, 2-methyl-5-HT, cisapride, BIMU-1, BIMU-8, ergotamine and dihydroergotamine had almost no effect on spontaneous contractions, even at 10-100 microM. 4 Inhibition by 5-HT was not decreased by either pindolol (1 microM), ketanserin (1 microM), tropisetron (10 microM), MDL72222 (1 microM) or GR113808 (10 microM), but was antagonized by the following compounds in a competitive manner (with pA2 values in parentheses): methiothepin (8.05), methysergide (7.92), metergoline (7.4), mianserin (7.08), clozapine (7.06) and spiperone (6.86). 5 Ro 20-1724 (20 microM) and rolipram (10 microM) significantly enhanced the inhibitory response of 5-HT, but neither zaprinast (10 microM) nor dipyridamole (10 microM) altered the response of 5-HT. 6 5-HT (1 nM - 1 microM) caused a concentration-dependent accumulation of intracellular cyclic AMP in the circular muscle. 7 From the present results, the 5-HT receptor, which is functionally correlated with the 5-HT7 receptor, mediates the inhibitory effect of 5-HT on porcine myometrial contractility. This inhibitory response is probably due to an increase in intracellular cyclic AMP through the activation of adenylate cyclase that is positively coupled to 5-HT7 receptors.

PMID:
9489604
PMCID:
PMC1565149
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0701583
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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