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J Hypertens. 1997 Dec;15(12 Pt 2):1653-7.

The vasoconstriction induced by endothelin-1 is mediated only by ET(A) receptors in mesenteric small resistance arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats and Wistar Kyoto rats.

Author information

1
Cattedra di Semeiotica e Metodologia Medica, U.O.P. Scienze Mediche, University of Brescia, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the functional responses of mesenteric small resistance arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rat controls to endothelin-1 (ET-1), in the presence and absence of an ET(A) receptor antagonist drug as well as to an ET(B) receptor agonist.

METHODS:

Twenty rats aged 12 weeks were studied. They were 10 SHR and 10 WKY rats. Mesenteric small resistance arteries (relaxed diameter 100-180 microm) were dissected and mounted on a micromyograph (Mulvany's technique). A dose-response curve for response to ET-1 was plotted for cumulative concentrations (from 10(-11) to 10(-8) mol/l) in the presence and absence of 10(-6) mol/l FR 139317 (a selective antagonist of ET(A) receptors). In addition, the effects of 10(-7) mol/l N-succinyl-[Glu9, Ala11,15]-endothelin 1 fragment 8-21 (IRL 1620, a selective agonist of ET(B) receptors) were evaluated.

RESULTS:

The response of ET-1 was greater in WKY rats than it was in SHR. Almost all the vasoconstrictor effect of ET-1 could be prevented by addition of FR 139317, whereas the agonist of ET(B) receptors had no effect (no change in active force).

CONCLUSIONS:

The contractile effects of ET-1 on mesenteric small resistance arteries of SHR and WKY rats are mediated mostly by ET(A) receptors, whereas ET(B) receptors play a minor role, if any. It is possible, however, that a vasoconstrictor effect of ET(B) receptors on the smooth muscle could be masked by the concomitant stimulation of endothelial ET(B) vasodilator receptors.

PMID:
9488218
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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