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Oncogene. 1998 Feb 12;16(6):779-87.

Activation of AP-1 is required for bufalin-induced apoptosis in human leukemia U937 cells.

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1
Laboratory of Biological Chemistry, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

In a previous study, we demonstrated that bufalin caused apoptosis in human leukemia U937 cells by the anomalous activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) via a signaling pathway that included Ras, Raf-1 and MAPK kinase-1. We report here the effect of bufalin on c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK), a member of the MAPK family, and on the signaling pathway downstream of MAPKs in U937 cells. When U937 cells were treated with 10(-8) M bufalin, the activity of JNK1 was markedly elevated 3 h after the start of treatment and remained so for 9 h. This activation of JNK and the induction of apoptosis by bufalin were suppressed by expression of antisense mRNA for MAPK kinase-1. c-Jun was translocated from the cytoplasm to the nucleus after treatment of U937 cells with bufalin. The transcriptional activity of AP-1 was transiently enhanced by the treatment with bufalin and this activation was suppressed by the expression of antisense mRNA for MAPK kinase-1. Both curcumin (1,7-bis[4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-phenyl]-1,6-heptadiene-3,5-dione), an inhibitor of the biosynthesis of AP-1, and the expression of dominant negative c-Jun inhibited the activation of AP-1 and the induction of apoptosis by bufalin. Expression of a constitutively active mutant form of MAPK kinase-1 induced the activation of AP-1 and subsequent apoptosis in U937 cells. These results suggest that the activation of AP-1 via a MAPK cascade that includes JNK is required for the induction of apoptosis by bufalin in U937 cells.

PMID:
9488042
DOI:
10.1038/sj.onc.1201592
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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