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Arch Dis Child. 1997 Nov;77(5):384-5.

Early infection and subsequent insulin dependent diabetes.

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MRC Environmental Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton.


In a study of 58 children under the age of 16 with insulin dependent diabetes (IDDM) and 172 matched non-diabetic controls, infection during the first year of life was associated with a reduction in diabetes risk (odds ratio 0.81, 95% confidence interval 0.67 to 0.98, per infective episode). Decreased exposure to common infections during infancy may be linked with subsequent IDDM.

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