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Planta. 1998 Feb;204(2):242-51.

Biochemical and molecular characterisation of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase from ripe kiwifruit.

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Food Research Institute of New Zealand, Mt. Albert Research Centre, Auckland, New Zealand.


Xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) from the core tissue of ripe kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa [A. Chev.] C.F. Liang et A.R. Ferguson var. deliciosa cv. Hayward) was purified 3000-fold to homogeneity. The enzyme has a molecular weight of 34 kDa, is N-glycosylated, and is active between pH 5.0 and 8.0, with an optimum between 5.5 and 5.8. The Km was 0.6 mg.mL-1 for kiwifruit xyloglucan and 100 microM for [3H]XXXG-ol, a reduced heptasaccharide derived from kiwifruit xyloglucan. Kiwifruit core XET was capable of depolymerising xyloglucan in the absence of [3H]XXXG-ol by hydrolysis, and in the presence of [3H]XXXG-ol by hydrolysis and endotransglycosylation. Six cDNA clones (AdXET1-6) with homology to other reported XETs were isolated from ripe kiwifruit mRNA. The six cDNA clones share 93-99% nucleotide identity and appear to belong to a family of closely related genes. Peptide sequencing indicated that ripe kiwifruit XET was encoded by AdXET6. Northern analysis indicated that expression of the AdXET1-6 gene family was induced in ripening kiwifruit when endogenous ethylene production could first be detected, and peaked in climacteric samples when fruit were soft. A full-length cDNA clone (AdXET5) was overexpressed in E. coli to produce a recombinant protein that showed endotransglycosylase activity when refolded.

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