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Jpn Heart J. 1997 Nov;38(6):769-78.

Prevalence of activated protein C resistance in acute myocardial infarction in Japan.

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Department of Internal Medicine II, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


To investigate the possibility that activated protein C (APC) resistance due to the factor V could be an important predisposing factor in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we have retrospectively examined the prevalence of APC resistance with protein C, protein S and antithrombin III deficiency and antiphospholipid antibody syndrome in AMI patients (< or = 50 years) admitted to our hospital over the past 7 years. Forty-seven patients were enrolled in the study. We divided the patients into two groups, warfarin group (group A) and a non-warfarin group (group B). APC resistance is defined as when the APC ratio is below or equal to the cut-off value 2. APC resistance was not detected in either group. The prevalence of an APC ratio below or equal to 2.5 was 16.7% (1 case) in group A and 24.4% (10 cases) in group B. The prevalence of protein C deficiency was 5.0% (2 cases) in group B. Two cases (5.0%) in group B had protein S deficiency. Antithrombin III deficiency was not detected in either group. The prevalence of antiphospholipid antibody syndrome measured by APTT was 40.4% (19 cases). We compared the AMI patients with 97 healthy volunteers (< or = 50 years old) without any thromboembolic events or bleeding tendency in their past history. No significant difference were found between these groups and the volunteers. APC resistance is a major cause of venous thromboembolism in Europe and the United States, while in Japan it is believed to be a minor cause of arterial thromboembolism.

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