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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Mar 3;95(5):2169-74.

Aggregation of the human high affinity immunoglobulin G receptor (FcgammaRI) activates both tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled phosphoinositide 3-kinase isoforms.

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Department of Medicine and Therapeutics and Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, United Kingdom.


Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3-kinases) play an important role in the generation of lipid second messengers and the transduction of a myriad of biological responses. Distinct isoforms have been shown to be exclusively activated either by tyrosine kinase-coupled or G protein-coupled receptors. We show here, however, that certain nonclassical receptors can couple to both tyrosine kinase- and G protein-dependent isoforms of PI3-kinase: thus, aggregation of FcgammaRI, the human high affinity IgG receptor, on monocytes unusually leads to activation of both of these types of PI3-kinase. After aggregation of FcgammaRI, phosphatidylinositol 3,4, 5-triphosphate (PIP3) levels rise rapidly in interferon gamma-primed cells, reaching a peak within 30 sec. Moreover, and in contrast to the situation observed after stimulation of these cells with either insulin or ATP, which exclusively activate the tyrosine kinase- and G protein-coupled forms of PI3-kinase, respectively, PIP3 levels remain elevated up to 15 min after receptor aggregation. We show here that although the initial peak results from transient activation of the p85-dependent p110 isoform of PI-3kinase, presumably through recruitment of tyrosine kinases by the gamma chain, the later sustained rise of PIP3 results from activation of the G protein betagamma subunit-sensitive isoform, p110gamma. This finding indicates that receptors lacking an intrinsic signaling motif, such as FcgammaRI, can recruit both tyrosine kinase and G protein-coupled intracellular signaling molecules and thereby initiate cellular responses.

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