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Transfusion. 1998 Jan;38(1):60-9.

Mobilized CD34+ cells selected as autografts in patients with primary light-chain amyloidosis: rationale and application.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Masschusetts 02118-2393, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Concern about tumor cell contamination in stem cell preparations has led to the use of CD34+ cell selection as a means of purging. Increasing the number of CD34+ cells per leukapheresis may help to provide an adequate dose of CD34+ cells.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

The reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed to clone overexpressed clonotypic immunoglobulin light-chain variable region genes (Ig VL) from bone marrows of patients with primary light-chain amyloidosis (AL). Patient-specific primers were designed to evaluate stem cell collections for contamination. CD34+ cell selection was performed on components from AL patients who underwent mobilization with granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (filgrastim; 16 microg/kg/d for 4 days) and collection by large-volume leukapheresis (LVL;25L) on Days 4 and 5. The selected cells alone were transfused after patients received mephalan (200 mg/m2).

RESULTS:

Contamination was found in collections from 4 to 7 patients, which provided the rationale for a subsequent trial of CD34+ cell selection. The median number of CD34+ cells per kg collected on Days 4 and 5, and in toto, was 4.0 x 10(6)(1.1-12.7), 7.9 x 10(6)(1.8-12.7), and 10.7 x 10(6)(2.9-25.4), respectively (n = 9 patients). The median yield per selection was 38 percent, with a purity of 85 percent (45-97%), and the viability of CD34+ cells averaged 96.4 +/- 3.6 percent (n = 18 selections). The median number of CD34+ cells infused was 5.9 x 10(6) per kg (2.1-10.1). In comparison with AL patients given unselected autografts, patients receiving selected CD34+ cells experienced similar reconstitution of neutrophils and platelets but slower lymphocyte recovery.

CONCLUSION:

Patients with AL often have contamination with clonotypic cells in their blood autografts. G-CSF mobilization and LVL provide components that allow the selection of adequate doses of CD34+ cells. The use of CD34+ cells in patients with AL achieves rapid neutrophil and platelet recovery but delayed lymphocyte recovery. CD34+ cell selection is feasible in the treatment of AL, but its effectiveness in purging clonotypic cells remains to be ascertained.

PMID:
9482396
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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