Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neurochem Res. 1998 Mar;23(3):377-84.

Process formation in astrocytes: modulation of cytoskeletal proteins.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, Taub Center for Alzheimer's Disease Research, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


Studies on primary astrocytes cultured in vitro have shown that process formation involves changes in cytoskeletal proteins and release of tension on the substratum. Actin filament reorganization has previously been found to be the major cytoskeletal change occurring during process formation. These changes are relatively rapid with breakdown of the actin web and release of contacts occur within 15 min. of cyclic AMP treatment. The former is regulated by myosin light chain (MLC) and actin depolymerizing factor (ADF), with MLC involved in the initial release of contractile tension and ADF in both initial and longer term actin breakdown. Our results show that the dephosphorylation of MLC is due to the phosphorylation and inactivation of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) in response to cyclic AMP. To further study the mechanisms underlying the process formation in astrocytes we used endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasopeptide which has been shown to inhibit process formation in astrocytes and sodium fluoride which is a general phosphatase inhibitor. We observe an increase in phosphorylation of MLC on inhibition of process formation. To study the role of adhesion in process formation we used suspension cultures of astrocytes. Our results with the astrocytes in suspension suggest that the process formation in astrocytes is adhesion dependent and the changes in ADF and MLC occur only when there is process formation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center