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Acta Neurol Belg. 1997 Dec;97(4):248-50.

Cerebral amebiasis in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.

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Department of Pathology, Emilio Ribas Institute, São Paulo, Brasil.


Rare cases of cerebral amebiasis have been described in AIDS patients. We report the case of a 46 year-old homosexual man with AIDS who developed an intermittent amnesia and a right palpebral ptosis. The cerebrospinal fluid contained 169 cells (75% lymphocytes). The patient died five days after hospitalization. Necropsy revealed thrombosis of small vessels of the periventricular regions as well as necrosis and hemorrhage of the periventricular tissue, cerebellum and brainstem. The inflammatory process was scarce and composed mainly of CD-68 positive macrophages. In these regions as well as in meninges there were many trophozoites of ameba of the Acanthamoeba group. Although cerebral amebiasis is rare even in AIDS, the clinician should be attentive to this diagnosis in patients with an insidious encephalitis and cerebral cognitive abnormalities, with or without focal motor signs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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