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Immunopharmacology. 1997 Dec;38(1-2):73-80.

The C1q and collectin binding site within C1q receptor (cell surface calreticulin).

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, UK.


C1q receptor (C1qR/collectin receptor/cC1qR) has an almost complete amino acid sequence identity with calreticulin (CRT). C1qR/CRT is located on the surface of many cell types. Binding of C1q to C1q receptor elicits a range of immunological responses. C1qR also interacts with the collectins SP-A, MBL, CL43 and conglutinin via a cluster of charged residues on the collagen tails of the ligands. In order to localise C1q and collectin binding activity within C1qR/CRT, recombinant C1qR/CRT domains [N (residues 18-196), P (197-308) and C (309-417)] were produced. Both the N- and P-domains bound to C1q, demonstrating that the binding site spans the intersection of these domains. Amino acid alignment analysis identified a putative CUB module within this region. This S-domain (residues 160-283) was expressed and showed concentration-dependent binding to immobilised C1q, demonstrating that it contains the C1q binding site. Competitive inhibition studies of the S-domain-C1q interaction revealed that the S-domain binds to C1q collagen tails and to the collectin proteins, SP-A, MBL, CL43 and conglutinin. The C1q and collection binding site on C1qR/CRT has therefore been localised to the S-domain.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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