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Genetics. 1998 Jan;148(1):49-57.

Isolation of a Schizosaccharomyces pombe rad21ts mutant that is aberrant in chromosome segregation, microtubule function, DNA repair and sensitive to hydroxyurea: possible involvement of Rad21 in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, P.O. Takanawa, Japan.


The fission yeast DNA repair gene rad21+ is essential for cell growth. To investigate the function essential for cell proliferation, we have isolated a temperature-sensitive mutant of the rad21+ gene. The mutant, rad21-K1, showed abnormal mitosis at the nonpermissive temperature. Some cells contained abnormal nuclear structures, such as condensed chromosomes with short spindles, or chromosomes stretched or unequally separated by elongating spindles. Other cells exhibited the displaced nucleus or a cut-like phenotype. Similar abnormalities were observed when the Rad21 protein was depleted from cells. We therefore concluded that Rad21 is essential for proper segregation of chromosomes. Moreover, the rad21-K1 mutant is sensitive not only to UV and gamma-ray irradiation but to thiabendazole and hydroxyurea, indicating that Rad21 plays important roles in microtubule function, DNA repair, and S phase function. The relation to the microtubule function was further confirmed by the fact that rad21+ genetically interacts with tubulin genes, nda2+ and nda3+. Finally, the growth of the rad21-K1 mutant was inhibited at the permissive temperature by introduction of another mutation in the cut9+ gene, coding for a component of the 20S cyclosome/anaphase promoting complex, which is involved in ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis. The results suggest that these diverse functions of Rad21 may be facilitated through ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis.

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