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Am J Med Genet. 1998 Jan 23;75(3):265-72.

Novel recurrent nonsense mutation causing neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in a family segregating both NF1 and Noonan syndrome.

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1
Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université Paris V, France.

Abstract

Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a genetic disorder with neuroectodermal involvement, demonstrates phenotypic overlap in some patients with Noonan syndrome (NS), ultimately resulting in the so-called neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome (NF-NS). A strong association of the two phenotypic traits was recently illustrated by a four-generation family, although NF1 and NS were eventually demonstrated to segregate independently on the basis of polymorphic DNA markers [Bahuau et al., 1996: Am J Med Genet 66:347-355]. Identification of the causal NF1 mutation seemed a prerequisite to further dissecting this singular familial association. Using the protein truncation assay, a nonsense mutation (C2446T-->R816X) of the neurofibromin gene was evidenced. This mutation occurred on a CpG dinucleotide within exon 16 and 5' to the GAP domain-specifying region of the gene. R816X creates a recognition site for endonuclease HphI, absent in 2 individuals with NS only. Screening 184 unrelated NF1 patients, three novel occurrences of the mutation were found in individuals diagnosed with classical NF1. Based on the assumption of genotype-phenotype correlation in these individuals, clinical and molecular analyses of this four-generation family demonstrated that the NF-NS phenotype was additive, being the result of both classical NF1 and NS. This particular observation also suggests the presence of an NS locus on 17q, which might be of interest for further linkage studies.

PMID:
9475595
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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