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Drugs. 1997;54 Suppl 6:21-8.

Management of serious staphylococcal infections in the outpatient setting.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine I, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

Patients with serious staphylococcal infections, e.g. endocarditis and osteomyelitis, need prompt and prolonged parenteral antibiotic treatment to ensure eradication of the causative pathogen. The major cost in the treatment of these infections is the long period of hospitalisation required for the administration of intravenous antibiotics. To shorten the hospitalisation period, outpatient treatment can be given to some patients. In this study, patients with acute exacerbations of chronic osteomyelitis (n = 44) or endocarditis (n = 10) were treated with intravenous teicoplanin. The pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus (n = 41, 13 of which were methicillin resistant) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (n = 13, one of which was methicillin resistant). After a mean loading dose of 15 mg/kg for 3 to 10 days, patients received teicoplanin 3 times a week at a dose (mean 15 mg/kg) individualised to achieve serum trough concentrations of approximately 10 mg/L for osteomyelitis and 20 mg/L for endocarditis. Treatment duration ranged from 28 to 150 (mean 62) days for patients with osteomyelitis and from 28 to 88 (mean 49) days for patients with endocarditis. 37 (84%) patients with osteomyelitis and 8 (80%) patients with endocarditis were treated successfully. Adverse events were observed in 9 patients and included rash (n = 3), thrombocytopenia (n = 3), and drug fever, pseudomembranous colitis, nausea, leucopenia and transient hearing impairment (one patient each). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that teicoplanin can be administered successfully in an outpatient setting according to a 3-times weekly schedule for the treatment of patients with staphylococcal osteomyelitis and endocarditis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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