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Hum Gene Ther. 1998 Jan 20;9(2):217-24.

The immune response elicited by mammary adenocarcinoma cells transduced with interferon-gamma and cytosine deaminase genes cures lung metastases by parental cells.

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  • 1Institute for Cancer Research and Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerche sul Cancro G. Prodi, University of Bologna, Italy.


The parental cells of the TSA murine mammary adenocarcinoma (TSA-pc) were transfected with both the interferon-gamma (IFN-y) gene and the cytosine deaminase (CD) suicide gene to obtain a therapeutic vaccine active against TSA-pc lung metastases. Even in the absence of treatment with the prodrug 5-fluorocytosine (5-FC), the local growth of double transfectants (CD-y clones) was inhibited by a marked recruitment of granulocytes and macrophages. In mice harboring TSA-pc micrometastases, therapeutic vaccination with either IFN-gamma or CD single transfectants reduced the number of lung nodules, whereas CD-gamma double transfectants abrogated metastasis growth in up to 80% of mice. Treatment of mice with 5-FC did not alter the curative efficacy of CD-gamma double-transfectant cells. By contrast, in mice vaccinated with CD single-transfectant cells, 5-FC treatment caused a significant loss of their curative activity. Host T cells played an active role in the cure of lung metastases, because vaccination of nude mice with CD-gamma cells was uneffective.

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