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J Cell Biol. 1998 Feb 23;140(4):897-910.

A class VI unconventional myosin is associated with a homologue of a microtubule-binding protein, cytoplasmic linker protein-170, in neurons and at the posterior pole of Drosophila embryos.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA.


Coordination of cellular organization requires the interaction of the cytoskeletal filament systems. Recently, several lines of investigation have suggested that transport of cellular components along both microtubules and actin filaments is important for cellular organization and function. We report here on molecules that may mediate coordination between the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons. We have identified a 195-kD protein that coimmunoprecipitates with a class VI myosin, Drosophila 95F unconventional myosin. Cloning and sequencing of the gene encoding the 195-kD protein reveals that it is the first homologue identified of cytoplasmic linker protein (CLIP)-170, a protein that links endocytic vesicles to microtubules. We have named this protein D-CLIP-190 (the predicted molecular mass is 189 kD) based on its similarity to CLIP-170 and its ability to cosediment with microtubules. The similarity between D-CLIP-190 and CLIP-170 extends throughout the length of the proteins, and they have a number of predicted sequence and structural features in common. 95F myosin and D-CLIP-190 are coexpressed in a number of tissues during embryogenesis in Drosophila. In the axonal processes of neurons, they are colocalized in the same particulate structures, which resemble vesicles. They are also colocalized at the posterior pole of the early embryo, and this localization is dependent on the actin cytoskeleton. The association of a myosin and a homologue of a microtubule-binding protein in the nervous system and at the posterior pole, where both microtubule and actin-dependent processes are known to be important, leads us to speculate that these two proteins may functionally link the actin and microtubule cytoskeletons.

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