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J Leukoc Biol. 1998 Jan;63(1):94-100.

Anti-HIV-1 activity of indolicidin, an antimicrobial peptide from neutrophils.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of California, Irvine 92697-4800, USA. ewrobins@uci.edu

Abstract

Indolicidin is a tridecapeptide amide isolated from the cytoplasmic granules of bovine neutrophils. It has potent, broad spectrum microbicidal activities in vitro that are thought to be related to the membrane-disruptive properties of the peptide. Based on the putative membrane-targeted mode of action, we postulated that indolicidin would be active against HIV-1, an enveloped virus. Indolicidin was reproducibly virucidal against HIV-1 at a concentration of 333 microg/mL (174 microM) with a 50% inhibitory dose between 67 and 100 microg/mL. At 37 degrees C, killing was rapid with >50% killing of HIV occurring within 5 min, and nearly 100% viral inactivation achieved by 60 min. The anti-HIV activity of indolicidin was temperature-sensitive, a finding consistent with a membrane-mediated antiviral mechanism. Parallel experiments revealed that indolicidin lysed cultured lymphoblastoid cells at concentrations similar to those required for antiviral activity. However, a des-R13-amide indolicidin analog (R12-OH), previously shown to have less antibacterial activity than indolicidin, was significantly less active against HIV and was non-toxic to lymphoid target cells at concentrations up to 333 microg/mL, the highest level tested.

PMID:
9469478
DOI:
10.1002/jlb.63.1.94
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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