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J Immunol. 1998 Feb 15;160(4):1606-11.

Non-MHC-restricted cell-mediated lysis of human oligodendrocytes in vitro: relation with CD56 expression.

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1
Montreal Neurologic Institute, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, McGill University, Quebec, Canada. mdan@musica.mcgill.ca

Abstract

Oligodendrocytes and their myelin membranes are the apparent target of the autoimmune response that characterizes the human adult central nervous system-demyelinating disease multiple sclerosis. Human oligodendrocytes do not express MHC class II molecules, a requirement for MHC-restricted injury mediated by myelin-reactive CD4+ T cells, the cell type implicated in initiating the disease process. In this study we observed that human adult central nervous system-derived oligodendrocytes can be susceptible to non-MHC-restricted lysis mediated by myelin basic protein-reactive CD4+ T cell lines. Cytotoxicity was significantly greater (37 +/- 4 vs 7 +/- 3%) with cell lines in which a high proportion of cells (mean, 28 +/- 6%) expressed CD56 compared with cytotoxicity mediated by low CD56 cell lines (8 +/- 2%). High CD56 cell lines, when rested in IL-2, lost cytotoxic activity and had reduced expression of CD56 (mean, 5 +/- 2%). CD4+ T cells isolated from short term (3-day) anti-CD3/IL-2-activated mononuclear cell cultures did not express CD56 and were not cytotoxic to oligodendrocytes unless lectin was added. In contrast, an enriched population of non-T cells extracted from the same activated MNC cultures expressed CD56 as well as other NK cell-associated surface molecules and was cytotoxic. These results indicate the potential susceptibility of human oligodendrocytes to non-MHC-restricted injury mediated by both Ag-reactive and nonspecific cellular immune effector cells, with CD56 expression being a common feature of the effector cells.

PMID:
9469416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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