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J Biol Chem. 1998 Feb 20;273(8):4530-8.

Structure of the human macrophage MARCO receptor and characterization of its bacteria-binding region.

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Division of Matrix Biology, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institute, S-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden.


The primary structure of human macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) was determined from cDNA clones and shown to be highly similar to that of mouse (Elomaa, O., Kangas, M., Sahlberg, C. , Tuukkanen, J., Sormunen, R., Liakka, A., Thesleff, I., Kraal, G., and Tryggvason, K. (1995) Cell 80, 603-609). Features such as potential carbohydrate attachment sites in the extracellular spacer domain III and the interruption of Gly-Xaa-Yaa repeats in the collagenous domain IV were conserved between the two species. However, the human MARCO polypeptide chain lacked the intracellular cysteine present in mouse, as well as two extracellular cysteines that form interchain disulfide bonds in the murine protein. In situ hybridization showed MARCO to be strongly expressed in macrophages of several tissues of human individuals with sepsis. No expression was observed in other cell types. The bacteria-binding region of MARCO was determined in binding studies with full-length and truncated variants of MARCO, and localized to a region proximal to the cysteine-rich part of the COOH-terminal domain V. The intrachain disulfide bond pattern of domain V was established showing that these bonds are between cysteine pairs C1-C5, C2-C6, and C3-C4.

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