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FEBS Lett. 1998 Jan 16;421(3):185-90.

ABI2, a second protein phosphatase 2C involved in abscisic acid signal transduction in Arabidopsis.

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TU-München, Lehrstuhl für Botanik, Munich, Germany.


The abi2-1 (abscisic acid insensitive) mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana shows abscisic acid (ABA) insensitivity with respect to seed germination and vegetative ABA responses. We identified the ABI2 gene by a combination of positional mapping and homology to ABI1. The ABI2 protein shows 80% amino acid sequence identity to ABI1, a protein phosphatase 2C (PP2C) involved in ABA signaling. The mutation that confers the abi2-1 phenotype is equivalent to the mutation previously identified in abi1-1 and the resulting Gly168Asp abi2 protein shows a reduced PP2C activity. Thus, a pair of highly homologous PP2Cs regulate ABA signaling.

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