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J Leukoc Biol. 1998 Feb;63(2):264-9.

Pattern of inheritance in hereditary myeloperoxidase deficiency associated with the R569W missense mutation.

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Department of Medicine, Veterans Administration Medical Center and University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242, USA.


Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is an essential component of the oxygen-dependent microbicidal system of neutrophils and monocytes. Hereditary deficiency of MPO occurs in 1 in 2,000 to 4,000 individuals in the general population and has been generally considered an autosomal recessive trait. Previous studies have used the peroxidase activity of blood leukocytes to assess the phenotype of affected family members. Eosinophil peroxidase (EPO) also contributes to the peroxidase activity of blood leukocytes. Because EPO expression is normal in MPO-deficient subjects, eosinophil contamination can significantly contribute to peroxidase activity in leukocytes from family members of an MPO-deficient subject and thereby undermine correct interpretation of the inheritance pattern. To avoid this potential problem, we used cytochemical, immunochemical, and genetic techniques to assess the inheritance pattern of MPO deficiency in sixteen individuals from five unrelated kindreds. Each kindred had an index case with MPO deficiency and the R569W missense mutation, a genotype that causes MPO deficiency. Our analysis demonstrated that MPO deficiency was not inherited as a simple autosomal recessive trait. Most subjects were compound heterozygotes with respect to the R569W mutation and demonstrated a spectrum of phenotypes. Our data demonstrate the broad phenotypic impact of compound heterozygosity on the expression and function of a multimeric protein such as MPO.

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