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Microbiology. 1998 Jan;144 ( Pt 1):211-7.

Identification of a region responsible for binding to the cell wall within the S-layer protein of Clostridium thermocellum.

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Unité de Physiologie Cellulaire, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.


The protomer forming the S-layer of Clostridium thermocellum was identified as a 140 kDa protein which was non-covalently bound to the cell wall. Cloning and sequencing of the corresponding gene revealed an open reading frame of 3108 nucleotides encoding a polypeptide of 1036 amino acids, termed SlpA. The amino acid composition of SlpA matches the composition of a previously described exocellular glycoprotein. SlpA shared extensive similarity with the S-layer protein of Bacillus sphaericus and with the outer wall protein of Bacillus brevis. In addition, the amino-terminal region of SlpA contained a segment presenting similarities with segments termed SLH (S-layer homologous), which are found in several bacterial exoproteins. A polypeptide of 209 residues comprising this segment was shown to bind to cell walls extracted from C. thermocellum cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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