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Histochem J. 1997 Nov-Dec;29(11-12):839-45.

Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization studies of beta-microseminoprotein in the human gastric mucosa.

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1
Department of Surgery, University of Lund, University Hospital of Malmö, Sweden.

Abstract

beta-Microseminoprotein is a 10-kDa disulphide-rich protein with unknown function which is present in the mucus of the airways, gastrointestinal tract and urogenital tract. In this paper, an investigation of the distribution of beta-microseminoprotein in the human stomach is reported. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization were used. beta-Microseminoprotein was found to be localized mainly in the antrum part of the stomach and in two types of cells. Cells of the most abundant type (designated M-cells) were the neutral mucin-containing cells in the bottom part of the gastric glands and the surface epithelium. Virtually all these cells contained both beta-microseminoprotein mRNA and protein product. Cells of the second type (designated E-cells) were found in a zone one-third up from the bottom of the gastric glands, where gastric endocrine cells are located. The E-cells were fewer than the M-cells and usually solitary. They seemed to have a high concentration of protein compared with their low mRNA level. The majority of the E-cells contained chromogranin A and gastrin. The observations made have implications for the understanding of the differentiation of the mucosal cells in the antrum of the stomach and form a basis for future studies of beta-microseminoprotein in gastric disease.

PMID:
9466151
DOI:
10.1023/a:1026437706895
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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