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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Feb 17;95(4):1387-91.

Parathyroid hormone activation of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase gene promoter.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 420 Henry Mall, Madison, WI 53706, USA.


The DNA flanking the 5' sequence of the mouse 1alpha-hydroxylase gene has been cloned and sequenced. A TATA box has been located at -30 bp and aCCAAT box has been located at -79 bp. The gene's promoter activity has been demonstrated by using a luciferase reporter gene construct transfected into a modified pig kidney cell line, AOK-B50. Parathyroid hormone stimulates this promoter-directed synthesis of luciferase by 17-fold, whereas forskolin stimulates it by 3-fold. The action of parathyroid hormone is concentration-dependent. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 does not suppress basal promoter activity and marginally suppresses parathyroid hormone-driven luciferase reporter activity. The promoter has three potential cAMP-responsive element sites, and two perfect and one imperfect AP-1 sites, while no DR-3 was detected. These results indicate that parathyroid hormone stimulates 25-hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase by acting on the promoter of the 1alpha-hydroxylase gene.

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