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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1998 Jan 26;242(3):648-52.

Differential display cloning of a novel human histone deacetylase (HDAC3) cDNA from PHA-activated immune cells.

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Department of Neurology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA.


The nucleosomal histones can be modified through reversible acetylation by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and deacetylases (HDACs). HATs induce nucleosomal relaxation and allow DNA-binding by transcriptional activators. HDACs from corepressor complexes which negatively regulate cell growth. However, the HDAC inhibitors butyrate and Trichostatin A block T cell proliferation, suggesting that not all effects of HDACs lead to repression. Using mRNA differential display and 5'RACE we isolated human HDAC3, a novel gene that is upregulated in PHA-activated T cell clones. HDAC3 is homologous to other human HDACs and yeast RPD3. In peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), activation by PHA, PMA and alpha-CD3 increased HDAC mRNA but no effect was seen with IFN-gamma, LPS, or IL-4. In contrast, GMCSF downregulated PBMC levels of HDAC3 mRNA. All HDACs were found to be ubiquitously expressed in immune and non-immune tissues. In human myeloid leukemia THP-1 cells, HDAC3 transfection resulted in increased size, aberrant nuclear morphology and cell cycle G2/M cell accumulation. Functional activity of the expressed HDAC3 protein was confirmed in alpha-HDAC3 antibody immunoprecipitates by a histone deacetylase assay. Our study suggests the participation of HDACs in cell cycle progression and activation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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