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J Exp Med. 1998 Feb 16;187(4):641-8.

Antibody-mediated modulation of Cryptococcus neoformans infection is dependent on distinct Fc receptor functions and IgG subclasses.

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Department of Cell Biology of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, 10461, USA.


Coupling of an antibody response to effector cells through the Fc region of antibodies is a fundamental objective of effective vaccination. We have explored the role of the Fc receptor system in a murine model of Cryptococcus neoformans protection by infecting mice deleted for the common gamma chain of FcRs. Passive administration of an IgG1 mAb protects FcRgamma+/- mice infected with C. neoformans, but fails to protect FcRgamma-/- mice, indicating that the gamma chain acting through FcgammaRI and/or III is essential for IgG1-mediated protection. In contrast, passive administration of an IgG3 mAb with identical specificity resulted in enhanced pathogenicity in gamma chain-deficient and wild-type mice. In vitro studies with isolated macrophages demonstrate that IgG1-, IgG2a-, and IgG2b-opsonized C. neoformans are not phagocytosed or arrested in their growth in the absence of the FcRgamma chain. In contrast, opsonization of C. neoformans by IgG3 does not require the presence of the gamma chain or of FcRII, and the internalization of IgG3-treated organisms does not arrest fungal growth.

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