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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1998 Jan 20;14(2):129-38.

Chemokine receptor regulation and HIV type 1 tropism in monocyte-macrophages.

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Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center, New York, New York 10016, USA.


Monocyte-macrophages can be productively infected by CCR5-specific, but not CXCR4-specific, HIV-1. This could be due either to the absence of this chemokine receptor in this cell lineage or to other, yet undefined cellular cofactors that modulate the coreceptor activity of the CXCR4 in these cells. To investigate the basis of macrophage tropism, we studied the expression of CCR5 and CXCR4, as well as several of the other CC chemokine receptors, on monocyte-macrophages at different stages of differentiation. We found that on fresh monocytes, CXCR4 was relatively abundant, but it fell to barely detectable levels in culture over 24 hr and maintained this low level of expression during differentiation in vitro. Some donor macrophages appeared to express CXCR4 at levels comparable to CCR5. In contrast, CCR5 expression was low on fresh monocytes but increased on in vitro differentiation. Taken together, the results show that monocyte-macrophage differentiation is associated with a differential expression of chemokine receptors that may contribute to, but does not fully account for, the selectivity of these cells to HIV entry. GM-CSF, a cytokine that induces macrophage differentiation, caused a rapid decrease in CXCR4 and CCR5 mRNA and was correlated with decreased ability to support HIV entry.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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