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Nat Genet. 1998 Feb;18(2):177-9.

TULP1 mutation in two extended Dominican kindreds with autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa.

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Department of Genetics & Development, College of Physicians and Surgeons at Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York 10032, USA.


The RP14 autosomal recessive Retinitis pigmentosa (arRP) locus has been mapped to a 2cM region of chromosome 6p21.3. TULP1 (the gene encoding tubby-like protein 1) is a candidate target for the disease mutation because it maps to the RP14 minimum genetic region and because a mutation in the highly homologous mouse tub gene leads to obesity, deafness and early progressive retinal degeneration. Here we report a splice-site mutation (IVS14+1, G-->A) that is homozygous in all affected individuals (N=33) and heterozygous in all obligate carriers (N=50) from two RP14-linked kindreds. The mutation was not observed in 210 unrelated controls. The data indicate that impairment of TULP1 protein function is a rare cause of arRP and that the normal protein plays an essential role in the physiology of the retina.

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