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Nat Genet. 1998 Feb;18(2):118-25.

Mice with gene targetted prion protein alterations show that Prnp, Sinc and Prni are congruent.

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1
Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Edinburgh, UK.

Abstract

Classical genetic analysis has identified Sinc/Prni as the major gene controlling mouse scrapie incubation time. Sinc/Prni is linked to Prnp, the gene encoding the prion protein (PrP). Prnp alleles express distinct PrP protein variants, PrP A and PrP B, which arise from codon 108L/F and 189 T/V dimorphisms. Prnp genotype segregates with incubation time length which suggests, but does not prove, that incubation time is controlled by PrP dimorphisms, and that the Sinc/Prni and Prnp loci are congruent. We have used gene targetting to construct mice in which the endogenous Prnp allele has been modified to express PrP B instead of PrP A. Challenge with a mouse-adapted BSE strain results in dramatically shortened incubation times and demonstrates that PrP dimorphisms at codon 108 and/or 189 control incubation time, and that Sinc/Prni and Prnp are congruent.

Comment in

PMID:
9462739
DOI:
10.1038/ng0298-118
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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