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Gut. 1997 Dec;41(6):793-800.

Cytokine mRNA expression in intestinal tissue of interleukin-2 deficient mice with bowel inflammation.

Author information

1
Max v. Pettenkofer Institut für Hygiene und Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Ludwig Maximilians Universität, München, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mice deficient in interleukin-2 (IL-2) develop inflammatory bowel disease resembling ulcerative colitis in humans. Recent studies provided evidence that alpha beta T cells, particularly CD4 T cells, rather than B cells, are involved in the pathogenesis of bowel inflammation of IL-2 deficient mice.

AIM:

To analyse the pattern of expression of cytokine mRNA in intestinal tissue of normal and IL-2 deficient mice.

METHODS:

Expression of beta-actin, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-10, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) mRNA was analysed in colon and small intestinal tissue of both IL-2 deficient (IL-2-/-) mice and normal (wild type) litter mates (IL-2+/+) at different ages by using qualitative, as well as semiquantitative, competitive reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results were correlated with the phase of progression of the disease, as determined by histology.

RESULTS:

IL-2-/- mice had expressed low levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma mRNA in the colon by 1.5 weeks of age. In advance of the development of histologically and clinically detectable bowel inflammation, expression of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-10, but not TGF-beta 1, mRNA increased in the colon of IL-2 deficient mice. In contrast, IL-2+/+ mice expressed TGF-beta 1 mRNA in colon tissue at 13 and 23 weeks of age, but not IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IL-10, or IFN-gamma mRNA. Levels of expression of cytokine mRNA in tissue from the small intestine were comparable in IL-2-/- and IL-2+/+ mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bowel inflammation in IL-2 deficient mice is preceded by an increase in IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma mRNA expression in colon tissue. Low levels of TGF-beta 1, but high levels of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma, and IL-10 mRNA expression correlate with the manifestation of severe colitis, and suggest that T cells and macrophages are involved in bowel inflammation of IL-2 deficient mice.

PMID:
9462212
PMCID:
PMC1891612
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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