Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem J. 1998 Feb 15;330 ( Pt 1):5-11.

Binding of MARCKS (myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate)-related protein (MRP) to vesicular phospholipid membranes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 70, 4056 Basel, Switzerland.


The myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) protein family has two known members, MARCKS itself and MARCKS-related protein (MRP, also called MacMARCKS or F52). They are essential for brain development and are believed to regulate the structure of the actin cytoskeleton at the plasma membrane. Hence membrane binding is central to their function. MARCKS has been quite extensively characterized; MRP much less so. Despite the fact that MRP is only two thirds the size of MARCKS, it has hitherto been assumed that the two proteins have similar properties. Here we make a detailed study, including the effects of myristoylation, lipid composition, calmodulin and phosphorylation of the binding of MRP to phospholipid vesicles. We show that both the N-terminal myristoyl moiety and the central effector domain mediate binding. MRP behaves like MARCKS in the presence of neutral phospholipids. In contrast to MARCKS, however, the incorporation of 20% of negatively-charged phospholipids only marginally increases the affinity of myristoylated MRP. Co-operativity between the myristoyl moiety and the effector domain of MRP is weak and the protein has a significantly lower affinity for these vesicles compared with MARCKS. Furthermore, calmodulin or phosphorylation of the effector domain by the catalytic subunit of protein kinase C do not significantly decrease the binding of myristoylated MRP to negatively-charged phospholipid vesicles. Our results show that the mechanisms regulating the interactions of MARCKS and MRP with phospholipid vesicles are, at least quantitatively, different. In agreement with cellular studies, we therefore propose that MARCKS and MRP have different subcellular localization and, consequently, different functions.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center