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Hypertension. 1998 Feb;31(2):672-7.

Abnormal regulation of transforming growth factor-beta receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells from spontaneously hypertensive rats by angiotensin II.

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1
Second Department of Internal Medicine, Nihon University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

The effects of angiotensin II (Ang II) on the expression and characteristics of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were investigated. TGF-beta-induced stimulation of DNA synthesis by VSMC from WKY rats was abolished with Ang II, whereas basal and TGF-beta-stimulated DNA synthesis by VSMC from SHR was increased with Ang II. Ang II stimulated DNA synthesis by VSMC from WKY rats in the presence but not in the absence of neutralizing antibody to TGF-beta1. Antibody to TGF-beta1 enhanced the stimulatory effect of Ang II on DNA synthesis by VSMC from SHR. Ang II increased the specific binding of TGF-beta to VSMC from WKY rats by increasing both the expression of the lower-affinity of TGF-beta receptors as well as the total number of TGF-beta binding sites. In contrast, VSMC from SHR showed a higher affinity and number of TGF-beta receptors in the absence of Ang II than did cells from WKY rats, and these parameters were not affected by Ang II. Ang II increased the expression of TGF-beta type I receptor mRNA in VSMC from WKY rats but had no effect of TGF-beta receptor type I or II mRNA in VSMC from SHR, which predominantly express the type II receptor. These results indicate that an increase in the expression of the TGF-beta type I receptor by Ang II may facilitate the ability of endogenous TGF-beta to counteract the stimulatory effect of Ang II on growth in VSMC from WKY rats, whereas endogenous TGF-beta induced by Ang II cannot counteract the growth-promoting action of Ang II in VSMC from SHR. The abnormal regulation of TGF-beta receptors by Ang II may be associated with the exaggerated growth of VSMC from SHR.

PMID:
9461239
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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