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Am J Physiol. 1998 Jan;274(1 Pt 1):G87-95.

Motilin controls cyclic release of insulin through vagal cholinergic muscarinic pathways in fasted dogs.

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Gastrointestinal Research Laboratory, Gunma University, Maebashi, Japan.


The effect of motilin on insulin release has not been studied in the interdigestive state. Adult mongrel dogs were chronically implanted with force transducers in the stomach and duodenum to monitor contractile activity, and the plasma motilin and insulin concentrations were measured by a specific radioimmunoassay and enzyme immunoassay, respectively. The concentration of insulin in plasma was found to fluctuate in close association with that of motilin and phase III of the interdigestive migrating contractions in the stomach. This spontaneous release of insulin was mimicked by intravenous infusion of motilin at a dose of 0.3 Exogenous motilin (0.01-0.3 microgram/kg) dose dependently stimulated insulin release, which was abolished by atropine, hexamethonium, ondansetron, and truncal vagotomy. Phentolamine significantly enhanced, whereas propranolol inhibited, motilin-induced insulin release. In a perifusion system using islet cells from the canine pancreas, motilin did not affect insulin release. In conclusion, motilin stimulates insulin release through vagal cholinergic, muscarinic receptors on pancreatic beta-cells, and the effect appears to be modulated by adrenergic nerves.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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