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Cancer Res. 1998 Feb 1;58(3):479-84.

Beyond tamoxifen: the retinoid X receptor-selective ligand LGD1069 (TARGRETIN) causes complete regression of mammary carcinoma.

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Department of Retinoid Research, Ligand Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, California 92121, USA.


Recently, we reported that LGD1069, a high-affinity ligand for the retinoid X receptors (RXRs), was shown to have an efficacy equivalent to that of tamoxifen (TAM) as a chemopreventive agent in the N-nitroso-N-methylurea-induced rat mammary carcinoma model. Furthermore, LGD1069 was very well tolerated during 13 weeks of chronic therapy with no classic signs of "retinoid-associated" toxicities. Due to the high efficacy and benign profile of this RXR agonist as a suppressor of carcinogenesis, we examined its role as a therapeutic agent on established mammary carcinomas. In the rat mammary carcinoma model, N-nitroso-N-methylurea was used to induce tumors, and the tumors were allowed to grow to an established size prior to initiation of treatment. LGD1069-treated animals showed complete regression in 72% of treated tumors and had a reduced tumor load compared to control. In addition, the combination of LGD1069 and TAM showed increased efficacy over either agent alone. Histopathological analysis showed a reduction of LGD1069-treated tumor malignancy, an increase in differentiation, and a sharp decrease in cellular proliferation compared to vehicle-treated control tumors. These data demonstrate that the RXR-selective ligand LGD1069 is a highly efficacious therapeutic agent for mammary carcinoma and enhances the activity of TAM.

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