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Fertil Steril. 1998 Jan;69(1):146-8.

Cytogenetics of somatic cells and sperm from a 46,XY/45,X mosaic male with moderate oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.

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1
Center for Pediatric Research, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk 23510, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine aneuploidy frequencies in sperm from a patient with normal phenotype and 46,XY/45,X mosaicism in somatic cells (peripheral lymphocytes).

DESIGN:

Case report.

SETTING:

Infertility clinic and genetics laboratory.

PATIENT:

A 30-year-old male with primary infertility and moderate oligoasthenoteratozoospermia.

INTERVENTION(S):

Cytogenetic analysis of somatic cells and determination by fluorescence in situ hybridization of aneuploidy frequencies for the gonosomes (sex chromosomes) and chromosome 18 in sperm from whole and Percoll-separated semen.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Somatic and gametic aneuploidy were scored.

RESULT(S):

Analysis of lymphocyte metaphase cells showed a mosaic 46,XY (90%)/ 45,X (10%) karyotype. Significantly higher frequencies of gonosomal (semen, 1.92% versus 0.70%; Percoll, 1.12% versus 0.46%), and chromosome 18 (semen, 0.89% versus 0.28%; Percoll, 0.26% versus 0.10%) disomy were detected in the sperm of the patient compared with those observed in spermatozoa from a proved fertile control.

CONCLUSION(S):

Significantly higher frequencies of aneuploid sperm suggest that the patient is at elevated risk of producing offspring with numerical chromosome abnormalities.

PMID:
9457952
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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