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Urology. 1998 Jan;51(1):44-50.

Bladder wash cytology, quantitative cytology, and the qualitative BTA test in patients with superficial bladder cancer.

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Department of Urology, University Hospital, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.



Two new methods for the detection of transitional tumor cells in bladder wash (karyometry: QUANTICYT) and voided urine material (BARD BTA test) were compared with bladder wash cytology for the prediction of histology and tumor recurrence.


Bladder wash material and voided urine were sampled from 138 patients. Bladder wash karyometric (BWK) image analysis and the BTA test were applied. A subsequent urethrocystoscopy was performed and a bladder tumor, when present, was resected. Moreover, each patient was followed for tumor recurrence and progression.


Sensitivities for the detection of tumors were 34.4%, 44.8%, and 69.0% for the BTA test, bladder wash cytology (BWC), and BWK, respectively (BTA versus BWC, P = 0.64; BTA versus BWK, P = 0.0002; BWC versus BWK, P = 0.0001, using the McNemar test). Specificities for the different tests were 81.3%, 92.5%, and 72.5%, respectively (BTA versus BWC, P = 0.096; BTA versus BWK, P = 0.031; BWC versus BWK, P = 0.001, using the McNemar test). Combinations of tests did not result in better prediction of the presence of tumor. Sensitivity of carcinoma in situ for the three tests was 0 of 3, 3 of 3, and 3 of 3, respectively. Follow-up analysis after a negative cystoscopy revealed comparable predictive values for BWC and BWK.


The BTA test may be useful for patients with recurrent, low-grade papillary lesions. However, sensitivity for detection of these lesions, although higher than that for BWC, was only 42.9%. The highest specificity was found for BWC; however, this was accompanied by the lowest sensitivity of all three tests. The lower specificity of BWK was accompanied by a better prediction of tumor recurrence after a normal urethrocystoscopy. BWK is particularly sensitive for the recurrence of high-grade bladder lesions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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