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AIDS. 1998 Jan 1;12(1):11-8.

Efficacy evaluation of prime-boost protocol: canarypoxvirus-based feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) vaccine and inactivated FIV-infected cell vaccine against heterologous FIV challenge in cats.

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1
Department of Pathobiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the immunogenicity and prophylactic efficacy of immunization schemes employing a recombinant canarypoxvirus ('ALVAC')-based feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) vaccine alone or in combination with an inactivated FIV-infected cell vaccine against homologous and heterologous FIV challenges in cats.

METHODS:

Specific pathogen-free cats were given a total of three immunizations with subtype A vaccines and challenged 4 weeks after the final immunization with 50 median animal infectious doses (ID50) of FIV-Petaluma, a subtype A isolate. Following the initial challenge, protected cats received a second challenge with 75 ID50 of FIV-Bangston, a subtype B isolate. FIV-specific humoral and cell-mediated responses were measured to determine the immune correlates of protection.

RESULTS:

Two of three cats immunized with the ALVAC FIV recombinants alone were protected from homologous FIV challenge in the presence of FIV-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses but in the absence of FIV-specific humoral responses. All three cats immunized with the ALVAC-FIV recombinant and boosted with FIV-infected cell vaccine were also protected from homologous FIV challenge in the presence of both FIV-specific CTL and humoral responses. Partial to full protection was observed in ALVAC-FIV/FIV-infected cell vaccine-immunized cats against a heterologous FIV challenge given 8 months after the initial challenge. Two out of three cats had transient infection and the remaining cat had no sign of FIV infection at a dose at which all three control cats were readily infected.

CONCLUSIONS:

Immunization schemes employing ALVAC-based FIV vaccines in combination with inactivated FIV-infected cell vaccine generate protective immune responses that can cross-react with FIV isolates that are genetically distinct from the vaccine strains.

PMID:
9456250
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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