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Virology. 1998 Jan 20;240(2):376-81.

Reduction of respiratory syncytial virus titer in the lungs of mice after intranasal immunization with a chimeric peptide consisting of a single CTL epitope linked to a fusion peptide.

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Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hvgiene and Tropical Medicine, U.K.


In the work described here, the effect of intranasal immunization of BALB/c mice with synthetic chimeric peptides consisting of a cytotoxic T-cell epitope (amino acids 81-95) from the M2 protein of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and a fusion peptide (amino acids 113-131) from the F1 protein of measles virus on response to challenge with RSV has been assessed. Three intranasal immunizations with the chimeric peptides without adjuvant induce peptide- and RSV-specific cytotoxic T-cell responses (CTL) at 1 or 3 weeks after the third immunization. The CTL responses significantly declined at 6 weeks after immunization. Furthermore, viral load in the lungs following challenge with RSV was significantly reduced in mice immunized with the F/M2:81-95 chimeric peptide compared to control animals at 1 or 3 weeks after immunization and no reduction of RSV titers was detectable 6 weeks after immunization. The CTL activity induced by F/M2:81-95 was therefore short-lived (less than 6 weeks) but was significantly correlated with the reduction in viral load in the lungs.

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