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J Neurochem. 1998 Feb;70(2):524-30.

Regulation of secretion of Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein by the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade.

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1
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience and Zachary and Elizabeth M. Fisher Center for Research on Alzheimer's Disease, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Abstract

Activation of protein kinase C (PKC) regulates the processing of Alzheimer amyloid precursor protein (APP) into its soluble form (sAPP) and amyloid beta-peptide (A beta). However, little is known about the intermediate steps between PKC activation and modulation of APP metabolism. Using a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase activation (PD 98059), as well as a dominant negative mutant of MAP kinase kinase, we show in various cell lines that stimulation of PKC by phorbol ester rapidly induces sAPP secretion through a mechanism involving activation of the MAP kinase cascade. In PC12-M1 cells, activation of MAP kinase by nerve growth factor was associated with stimulation of sAPP release. Conversely, M1 muscarinic receptor stimulation, which is known to act in part through a PKC-independent pathway, increased sAPP secretion mainly through a MAP kinase-independent pathway. A beta secretion and its regulation by PKC were not affected by PD 98059, supporting the concept of distinct secretory pathways for A beta and sAPP formation.

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