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Am Heart J. 1998 Jan;135(1):15-20.

Chlamydia pneumoniae antibody response in patients with acute myocardial infarction and their follow-up.

Author information

1
Sexually Transmitted Diseases Centre, Infectious Diseases Unit, S.M. Annunziata Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

STUDY POPULATIONS:

This study concerned the possible relations between seroreactivity to Chlamydia pneumoniae and myocardial infarction. A group of 29 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), 74 members of a healthy control group, and a subgroup of 24 members of a healthy control group matched for age, sex, and coronary risk factors (HCM) were included in the study. In addition, we evaluated the AMI group in a 1-year patients' follow-up study. We used two different tests to detect anti-C. pneumoniae antibodies: recombinant enzyme immunoassay antilipopolysaccharide antibodies and a reference microimmunofluorescence test.

RESULTS:

High titers of C. pneumoniae microimmunofluorescence antibodies were found in 89.65% of the AMI group and in 25% of the HCM group (p = 0.0000065). Immunoglobulin A-microimmunofluorescence was 51.72% in the AMI group and 20.83% in the HCM group (p = 0.0042). Immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin A antilipopolysoccharide titers were 65.51% and 62.60% in the AMI group and 20.83% in the HCM group, respectively (p = 0.006). High concentrations of interleukin-6 were found in 86.20% of our AMI group (p value = 54.38 pg/ml) when compared with the control group. A good correlation between interleukin-6 levels and immunoglobulin A-lipopolysaccharide titers (r = 0.658) was found.

CONCLUSION:

The presence of a high prevalence rate and high titers of immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin A-specific anti-C. pneumoniae antibodies in AMI at admission demonstrated the presence of a specific anti-C. pneumoniae immunization in the AMI population.

PMID:
9453516
DOI:
10.1016/s0002-8703(98)70337-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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