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Hypertension. 1998 Jan;31(1 Pt 2):499-504.

ET(A) receptor blockade prevents increased tissue endothelin-1, vascular hypertrophy, and endothelial dysfunction in salt-sensitive hypertension.

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  • 1Cardiology, University Hospital Zürich, Switzerland.

Abstract

Sodium plays an important role in the pathogenesis and therapy of hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. This study investigated the involvement of endothelin in vascular alterations in salt-induced Dahl hypertension. Salt-sensitive (DS) and salt-resistant (DR) Dahl rats were treated with a high-sodium diet (NaCl 4%) with or without ET(A) receptor antagonist LU135252 for two months, and effects of treatments on systolic blood pressure, vascular endothelin-1 (ET-1) protein content, aortic hypertrophy, and vascular reactivity of isolated aortic rings were studied. In DS rats, a high-sodium diet increased systolic pressure (190+/-4 versus 152+/-2 mm Hg, P<.05) and aortic ET-1 protein content (4.2-fold, P<.0001) and induced aortic hypertrophy as assessed by tissue weight (P<.0001). Sodium diet markedly reduced NO-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxations to acetylcholine (49+/-4% versus 81+/-4%, P<.0001) and contractions to ET-1 (92+/-7 versus 136+/-8% of KCl, P=.0011). ET-1 tissue levels were highly and inversely correlated with endothelium-dependent relaxations (r=0.931, P<.0001) and contractions to ET (r=0.77, P=.0007). LU135252 treatment reduced systolic blood pressure only in part (168+/-3 versus 190+/-4 mm Hg, P<.05) but normalized sodium-induced changes of vascular reactivity, tissue ET-1 protein content, and vascular structure (P<.001 versus sodium). None of these effects were observed in DR rats. These results suggest that ET-1 acts as a local mediator of vascular dysfunction and aortic hypertrophy in Dahl salt-induced hypertension. ET(A) receptor antagonism may have therapeutic potential for lowering vascular ET-1 content, improving endothelial function, and preventing structural changes in salt-sensitive hypertension.

PMID:
9453352
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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