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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1998 Jan 1;14(1):25-30.

Unique HIV type 1 V3 region sequences derived from six different regions of brain: region-specific evolution within host-determined quasispecies.

Author information

1
Centers for Virus Research, Westmead Institutes of Health Research, Westmead Hospital, NSW, Sydney, Australia.

Abstract

HIV type 1 viral quasispecies were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the hypervariable V3 region of gp120 from six different regions of the brain (right and left frontal; right and left parietal; and right and left occipital) and from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of a patient who died of AIDS dementia complex (ADC). Cloning and sequencing of the entire V3 region suggested the presence of genetically unique sequences in different regions of the brain. In contrast, the blood-derived viral quasispecies carried homogeneous sequences that were characterized by a single octapeptide crest motif (HLGPGSAF), a motif important in viral fusion. The brain-derived viral strains showed extensive sequence heterogeneity and the presence of seven different octapeptide and four different tetrapeptide crest motifs (HIGPGRAF, RIGPGRAF, HIGPGSAI, HLGPGSAF, HIGPESAI, HLGPESAI, and YLRPGSAF). In addition, the brain-derived strains were also characterized by variable net V3 loop charge and hydrophilicity, along with distinct amino acid changes specific to different brain regions. Together, the sequence and phylogenetic analyses are unique in identifying the complexity of a viral quasispecies and its independent regional evolution within the brain compartment. Uniquely divergent viral strains were identified in the frontal regions and their presence was further supported by the presence of multinucleated giant cells (characteristic of HIV encephalopathy) predominantly in the left and right frontal regions. In summary, these analyses suggest that genetically different populations of HIV-1 may be present in different brain compartments and confirm that specific neurotropic variants may exist.

PMID:
9453248
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1998.14.25
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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