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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1998 Jan 1;14(1):15-23.

First case of mother-to-infant HIV type 1 group O transmission and evolution of C2V3 sequences in the infected child. French HIV Pediatric Cohort Study Group.

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Laboratoire de Virologie, Hôpital Necker, Paris, France.


We report the first case of mother-to-infant transmission and follow-up for an HIV-1 group O virus from Cameroon. Isolates were obtained from the mother at delivery and from the child at birth and when 16 and 30 months old. We analyzed the viral evolution within mother and child by examining 51 sequences spanning C2V3 regions of the viral envelope gene. The mother carried two genotypes, v1 and v2. The genotype v1 was dominant in the child at birth, and persisted as a minor genotype at age 30 months. The genotype v2 was absent in the child sequences. The variability of the nucleotide sequences of the isolates from the child increased with age from 0.8 to 6%, and a novel genotype (v3) appeared at age 30 months. The nonsynonymous-to-synonymous mutation ratio increased with the age of the child, from 0.75 at birth to 1.86 at 30 months, indicating a high rate of fixation of amino acid changes in the child. The overall pattern was similar to that reported by Ganeshan et al. (J Virol 1997;71:663-677) for group M viruses infecting child with a slow-developing form of the disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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