Send to

Choose Destination
Pharm Res. 1997 Dec;14(12):1738-43.

Effects of topical alpha-substituted anandamides on intraocular pressure in normotensive rabbits.

Author information

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of Kuopio, Finland.



Anandamides have been observed to lower intraocular pressure in the rabbit eye, preceded by a period of hypertension. Amidases are thought to catabolize these compounds into their component parts, including arachidonic acid. Direct application of arachidonic acid has been observed to cause a marked rise of intraocular pressure. Thus, anandamide analogs resistant to catabolism were thought possibly devoid of this initial hypertension, and their effects on rabbit IOP investigated.


A series of chiral alpha-substituted anandamides were synthesized and studied for their effect on the intraocular pressure (IOP) of normotensive pigmented rabbits. Each test compound was dissolved in an aqueous 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin solution (containing 3% polyvinyl alcohol) and administered (62.5 micrograms) unilaterally to the eye.


The most promising compounds caused a statistically significant reduction of IOP (vs. vehicle) in the treated eyes. Of these, the R-alpha-isopropyl compound exhibited the best activity tested. Unlike the alpha-unsubstituted analogs previously studied, hypotensive effects were not preceded by an initial elevation of IOP and indomethacin pre-treatment (12.5 mg, s.c.) did not eliminate the IOP response, as demonstrated by administered R-alpha-isopropyl anandamide.


Catabolism of alpha-unsubstituted anandamides may account for their observed intraocular hypertensive effects. The physiological mechanism by which alpha-substituted anandamides work apparently differs from that of the more easily metabolized alpha-unsubstituted compounds.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center