Send to

Choose Destination
Science. 1998 Feb 6;279(5352):860-3.

Fishing down marine food webs

Author information

D. Pauly and J. Dalsgaard, Fisheries Centre, 2204 Main Mall, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z4. V. Christensen, R. Froese, F. Torres Jr., International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management.


The mean trophic level of the species groups reported in Food and Agricultural Organization global fisheries statistics declined from 1950 to 1994. This reflects a gradual transition in landings from long-lived, high trophic level, piscivorous bottom fish toward short-lived, low trophic level invertebrates and planktivorous pelagic fish. This effect, also found to be occurring in inland fisheries, is most pronounced in the Northern Hemisphere. Fishing down food webs (that is, at lower trophic levels) leads at first to increasing catches, then to a phase transition associated with stagnating or declining catches. These results indicate that present exploitation patterns are unsustainable.

Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center