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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1998 Jan;84(1):123-8.

Is urodilatin the missing link in exercise-dependent renal sodium retention?

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Abteilung Sportmedizin/Sportphysiologie, Universit├Ąt Bayreuth, Germany.


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the behavior of plasma atrial natriuretic peptide [ANP-(99-126)] concentration ([ANP]) and renal urodilatin [Uro; ANP-(95-126)] excretion during and after exercise and their possible effects on renal Na+ retention. Ten male subjects performed a cycle ergometer test for 60 min at 60% of maximum workload. Blood and urine samples were collected before, during, and up to 24 h after exercise. During exercise, plasma [ANP] and renal Uro excretion were oppositely affected: whereas [ANP] increased from 46.5 +/- 5.1 to 124.1 +/- 10.6 pg/ml, urinary Uro excretion decreased from 120.8 +/- 16.0 to 49.5 +/- 9.8 fmol/min and remained at a lower level until 1 h after exercise. Glomerular filtration rate showed lowest values during exercise (from 164.9 +/- 15.3 to 75.8 +/- 10.1 ml/min), and urine flow and the fractional excretion rate of Na+ (FENa+) and Cl- (FECl-) had their nadir during the first hour after exercise. Positive relationships were observed between Uro excretion and FENa+ (P < 0.05) and FECl-, whereas a tendency toward a negative correlation was obtained between [ANP] and FENa+. It seems possible that Uro may be, among other factors, involved in the exercise-related regulation of renal Na+ retention. The specific roles Uro and ANP play during exercise, however, remain to be investigated.

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