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Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 1997 Nov;43(7):969-79.

Inhibition of natural killer cell activities from normal donors and AIDS patients by envelope peptides from human immunodeficiency virus type I.

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Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo General Hospital 14203, USA.


Recombinant and synthetic peptides derived from the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) genome corresponding to portions of the envelope (env) and internal core protein (gag) were examined for their immunoregulatory effects on the natural killer (NK) cell activity of lymphocytes from healthy donors and from patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Two recombinant peptides (env-gag and Env 80-DHFR) and three chemically synthesized peptides (env 487-511, env 578-608 and env 647-659) were used. Normal lymphocytes precultured for 24 to 72 hrs. with either env-gag, env 487-511, or env 647-659 at 5 and 50 ng/ml concentrations which significantly stimulated lymphocyte proliferation, produced significant suppression of NK activities. Two control peptides, one derived from the E. coli vector used to clone the HIV env-gag fusion peptide and another, a non-HIV-1 viral antigen (rubeola virus) did not produce any observable effect on NK activity of normal lymphocytes demonstrating the specificity of the reaction. Env-gag peptide also inhibited the NK activities of Percoll-separated, NK-enriched large granular lymphocytes. In target binding assays, lymphocytes precultured with env-gag significantly suppressed the target binding capacity of effector cells and produced significantly lower levels of natural killer cytotoxic factor (NKCF). In kinetic studies, lymphocytes from normal donors preincubated with env-gag for 24 to 72 hrs. produced significant inhibition of their NK activity and an even greater inhibitory effect on NK activities was observed when lymphocytes from AIDS patients were preincubated with HIV peptides. Thus HIV-1 peptides, which we previously demonstrated could regulate B- and T-lymphocyte activities, are also capable of regulating the NK activities of lymphocytes from HIV-1-infected and normal individuals.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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